10 August 2020
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The oil-rich United Arab Emirates on Saturday announced
the startup of its Barakah nuclear power plant, scoring another first for the
Arab world.

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The announcement, coinciding with the Muslim holiday of Eid
al-Adha, comes hot on the heels of the UAE’s launch of the Arab world’s
first probe to Mars.

“UAE first nuclear reactor at the Barakah Nuclear
Energy Plant has achieved first criticality and successfully started up,”
tweeted Hamad Alkaabi, the country’s representative to the International Atomic
Energy Agency.

“This is a historic milestone for the nation with a
vision set to deliver a new form of clean energy for the nation,” he
tweeted in English, along with a photograph of technicians raising their arms
in celebration.

The UAE premier and ruler of Dubai, Sheikh Mohammed bin
Rashid Al-Maktoum, tweeted that work at Barakah had “succeeded in loading
nuclear fuel packages, carrying out comprehensive tests and successfully
completing the operation”.

“Congratulations on realising this historic achievement
in the energy sector & marking this milestone in the roadmap for
sustainable development,” Sheikh Mohammed said.

The UAE started loading fuel rods into the reactor at
Barakah in February, after regulators gave the green light for the first of the
plant’s four reactors, opening the way for commercial operations.

The plant on the Gulf coast west of Abu Dhabi had been due
to go online in late 2017 but faced a number of delays that officials
attributed to safety and regulatory requirements.

The Nawah Energy Company said at the time that Unit 1 would
begin commercial operations after a “series of tests” leading to the
start-up process.

During the process, the unit would be synchronised with the
power grid and the first electricity produced.

The UAE has substantial oil and gas reserves, but with a
power-hungry population of 10 million it has made huge investments in
developing clean alternatives, including solar energy.

Barakah, which means “blessing” in Arabic, is a
regional first — Saudi Arabia, the world’s top oil exporter, has said it
plans to build up to 16 nuclear reactors, but the project has yet to
materialise.

Barakah was built by a consortium led by the Korea Electric
Power Corporation at a cost of some $24.4 billion.

When fully operational, its four reactors have the capacity
to generate 5,600 megawatts of electricity, around 25 percent of the nation’s
needs. The remaining three reactors are almost ready for operation.

As well as generating competitively priced electricity, the
UAE also hopes the nuclear plant will elevate its status as a key regional
player, building on its success as a hub for tourism, banking and services.

The fourth largest crude producer in the OPEC cartel, the
country was built on oil and sits on a huge, recently discovered gas field.

Nevertheless, it is spending billions to develop enough
renewable energy to cover half of its needs by 2050.

“This is part of the UAE’s drive to diversify its
energy economy, reduce dependence on fossil fuels and project its image as a
regional leader in science and technology,” a Gulf analyst told AFP.

– No enrichment –

On July 20, the first Arab space mission to Mars, an
unmanned probe dubbed “Hope”, blasted off from Japan on a mission to
reveal more about the atmosphere of the Red Planet.

The Barakah plant, on the coast facing Iran across the Gulf,
stands just 50 kilometres (30 miles) from the Saudi border and closer to
Qatar’s capital Doha than to Abu Dhabi.

Amid a tense confrontation between Iran and the United
States over Tehran’s nuclear programme, the UAE has said it will not be
developing a uranium enrichment programme or nuclear reprocessing technologies.

Qatar, the target of a boycott by Saudi Arabia, the UAE and
others since June 2017, last year said the Barakah plant poses a “flagrant
threat to regional peace and environment”.

The UAE has repeatedly said its nuclear ambitions are for
“peaceful purposes” and moved to dispel any concerns over safety.

It says it has welcomed more than 40 international reviews
and inspection missions.

Abdul Gh Lone

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