31 October 2020
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A history teacher beheaded in a Paris suburb on Friday had been the target of online threats for showing pupils cartoons of the Prophet Mohammed in class, France’s anti-terror prosecutor said on Saturday.

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The father of a schoolgirl had sought 47-year-old teacher
Samuel Paty’s dismissal and launched an online call for
“mobilisation” against him after the lesson on freedom of expression,
Jean-Francois Ricard said in a televised news conference.

Paty was decapitated outside his school in
Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, northwest of the capital, and the killer was fatally
wounded by police.

The Russian embassy in Paris said the suspect was Abdullakh
Anzorov, whose family had arrived in France when he was six and requested

The 18-year-old had received a residence permit this year,
according to the embassy, and had no links with Russia.

The schoolgirl’s father and a known Islamist militant are
among nine people arrested.

Ricard said the school received threats after the class in
early October, which featured the controversial caricatures — one of the
prophet naked — with the girl’s father accusing Paty of disseminating

The girl and her father lodged a criminal complaint against
the teacher, who in turn filed a complaint of defamation, said Ricard.

The aggrieved father named Paty and gave the school’s
address in a social media post just days before the beheading which President
Emmanuel Macron has labelled an Islamist terror attack.

And early this week, he posted a video in which he said
Islam and the prophet had been “insulted” at the school.

– Known militant –

Ricard did not say if the attacker had any links to the
school, pupils or parents, or had acted independently in response to the online

Witnesses said he was spotted at the school on Friday
afternoon asking pupils where he could find Paty.

A photograph of Paty and a message confessing to his murder
were found on the assailant’s mobile phone.

The prosecutor said the attacker had been armed with a
knife, an airgun and five canisters. He had fired shots at police and tried to
stab them as they closed in on him.

He was in turn shot nine times, said Ricard.

This was the second such attack since a trial started last
month into the January 2015 massacre at the offices of the Charlie Hebdo
satirical magazine, which had published caricatures of the prophet that
unleashed a wave of anger across the Muslim world.

The magazine republished the cartoons in the run-up to the
trial, and last month a young Pakistani man wounded two people with a meat
cleaver outside Charlie Hebdo’s former Paris offices.

Ricard said Paty’s murder illustrated “the very high
level terrorist threat” France still faces.

Those arrested included four close family members of the
suspect, and two people who had reported to police to say they had been in
contact with him, said the prosecutor.

Police also arrested a friend of the schoolgirl’s father who
had gone with him to see the principal to demand Paty’s dismissal.

– ‘Horror and revolt’ –

Martial, a 16-year-old pupil, said Paty had loved his job:
“He really wanted to teach us things.”

According to parents and teachers, Paty gave Muslim children
the option to leave the classroom before he showed the cartoons, saying he did
not want their feelings hurt.

Virginie, 15, said Paty showed the cartoons every year as
part of a discussion about freedom following the Charlie Hebdo attack.

In a tweet, Charlie Hebdo expressed its “sense of
horror and revolt” at Friday’s attack.

“A teacher was assassinated for the work that he does,
but freedom of thought, freedom of expression, and the ability to teach these
fundamental principles in our schools have also been attacked,” added

Abdul Gh Lone